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Preambles (why NIA exam, ARCON decree/power)

One of the features characterizing every profession is the existence of a regulating body for its conduct and practice. This regulating body is comprised of already accomplished members of the profession. In the practice of architecture in Nigeria, the regulating body is the Architects Registration Council of Nigeria (ARCON) established now under Architect (Registration, etc) Act, Chapter A19 – the Laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 2004. This Federal Government agency is given the responsibility of ensuring the quality standard of both architectural education, conduct and practice in Nigeria. The association of accomplished members of the architectural profession in Nigeria is the Nigerian Institute of Architects (NIA).  The ARCON assigned the responsibility of regulating the quality of architectural education to the NIA which the NIA conducts through periodic accreditation visitation to all the schools of architecture. 

Similarly, ARCON delegated the establishment of the approved standard of an architectural practitioner to NIA. This, the NIA ensures through examinations to screen prospective candidates for admission into membership. Consequently, the candidate is registered and issued a license by ARCON to practice as a principal, and append the pre-fix ‘Architect’ against his/her name.  This is why every graduate of a school of architecture must prepare to register as a full member of the NIA before he/she can practice as an architect. Practicing without license is a contravention of the Law of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

The NIA also monitors individual members credit points earned every year as a prerequisite for the renewal of his/her practice license through Continuous Professional Development Program (CPDP). This program is aimed at ensuring the currency of the knowledge of every practitioner in the industry, in the light of the dynamic nature of the profession.

The objective of this document is to provide guidelines for prospective architects on the process, regulations and programs for the Professional Practice Examination (PPE). This leads to registration as a member of the Nigerian Institute of Architect (MNIA), and issuance of practice license by the ARCON.